Register Now to Beegin Your Journey!

Register Now For Free to Beegin Your Journey!

Register Now to Beegin Your Journey!Register for free
Back to index

Low fidelity prototype (lo-fi prototype)

What is a low-fidelity prototype?

A low-fidelity prototype is a basic and simplified representation of a product or design concept. It is typically created early in the design process to gather feedback, test ideas, and validate concepts before investing significant time and resources in the development of a high-fidelity prototype or the final product.

Synonyms: mockup

glossary bee

When to create a low-fidelity prototype?

Creating a low-fidelity prototype will be especially useful at the beginning of the UX design process, when you are brainstorming and exploring different concepts.

Before investing significant resources in developing a high-fidelity prototype or final product, it is important to conduct prototype user testing. Low-fidelity prototypes can be used to simulate user interactions and gather feedback on accessibility and functionality. This can help to save precious time and resources.

Low-fidelity prototypes are equally beneficial in the iterative design process. They allow designers to explore and test additional changes, evaluate different solutions, and make informed design decisions based on user feedback and insights.


Benefits of a low-fidelity prototype

Using a low-fidelity prototype has several advantages, here are some of them:

  • Early feedback: By creating a low-fidelity prototype, you can gather early feedback from stakeholder and target audience by using prototype user testing . This early validation helps identify potential usability issues, gather insights, and make informed decisions. 
  • Cost – effectiveness: Low-fidelity prototypes can be created quickly and inexpensively using readily available materials such as paper, cardboard, or digital prototyping tools. 
  • User – centered design: Low-fidelity prototypes facilitate user involvement and testing in the design process. By observing users interacting with the prototype, designers can understand their needs, preferences, and pain points, which helps inform design improvements.
  • Faster development cycles: By incorporating low-fidelity prototyping early in the design process, you promote an iterative and agile approach. Rapid iterations based on user feedback can lead to more efficient development cycles and a shorter time to market.


How to create a low-fidelity prototype?

Creating a low-fidelity prototype doesn’t require sophisticated tools or extensive resources. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to create a low-fidelity prototype:

  1. Define your goals: Clearly define the purpose and goals of your prototype. What specific aspect of the design or concept do you want to test or communicate?
  2. Identify key features: Identify the essential features and interactions that need to be represented in your prototype. Focus on the core functionality rather than detailed aesthetics.
  3. Start sketching: Begin by sketching rough ideas and layouts on paper or online. Use simple shapes, lines, and labels to represent different elements of your design. It doesn’t need to be precise or visually appealing at this stage. The goal is to communicate the basic structure and flow of the design.
  4. Test and gather feedback: Use the low-fidelity prototype to conduct user testing or gather feedback from stakeholders. Observe how users interact with the prototype and ask for their thoughts and impressions. Make note of any issues or areas for improvement.

Iterate and refine: Based on the user feedback received, make necessary changes to the prototype. Modify and iterate on the design to address any identified issues or incorporate suggested improvements.


What is the difference between low and high fidelity prototypes?

Low-fidelity prototypes prioritize speed, simplicity, and early-stage feedback, while high-fidelity prototypes emphasize visual fidelity, accuracy, and detailed user interactions.

Why use a low-fidelity prototype?

Low-fidelity prototypes provide a cost-effective and efficient method for testing preliminary design ideas. By creating a rough outline of your concepts, low-fidelity prototypes allow you to identify potential design flaws at an early stage, enabling you to eliminate ineffective ideas.

Learn More


UX Prototyping: What It Is and How to Do It

UX Prototyping: What It Is and How to Do It

Explore the significance of UX prototyping and its role in UX design. Discover the key advantages it offers, gain practical tips for effective prototyping, and explore essential tools to enhance your design process.

6 Best Prototype Testing Tools and Platforms

6 Best Prototype Testing Tools and Platforms

You've gone through multiple stages of prototyping your product and are prepared to test it with actual users, but you're unsure of the best tool to employ. In this article, we will help you find the right one for you!

How to: User testing Figma prototype in 2023

How to: User testing Figma prototype in 2023

Have you ever questioned if it is possible to design a digital product that offers a positive user experience right from the start? We're here to assure you that there most definitely is one! Long before the development phase, Figma user testing with prototypes may reveal all the drawbacks of your concepts.

UX design